World's Famous Scientist
# Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone. Alexander Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on March 3, 1847. The family home was at 16 South Charlotte Street, and has a stone inscription marking it as Alexander Graham Bell's birthplace. His father was Professor Alexander Melville Bell, a phonetician, and his mother was Eliza Grace. Born as just "Alexander Bell", at age 10 he made a plea to his father to have a middle name like his two brothers. For his 11th birthday, his father acquiesced and allowed him to adopt the name "Graham", chosen out of respect for Alexander Graham, a Canadian being treated by his father who had become a family friend. To close relatives and friends he remained "Aleck". At the age of 12, Bell built a homemade device that combined rotating paddles with sets of nail brushes, creating a simple dehusking. He started out as an instructor at a boys' boarding school when he was only 16. Bell created the photophone, which used light to transmit sound. Bell considered it to be one of his greatest inventions. Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech, and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell's life's work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876. After the death of his infant son in 1881, Bell made a metal vacuum jacket to help with breathing. Many other inventions marked Bell's later life, including groundbreaking work in optical telecommunications, hydrofoils and aeronautics. Bell died of complications arising from diabetes on August 2, 1922, at his private estate, Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia, at age 75. Bell had also been afflicted with pernicious anemia. He was buried atop Beinn Bhreagh mountain, on his estate where he had resided increasingly for the last 35 years of his life, overlooking Bras d'Or Lake. The Alexander Graham Bell Museum (opened in 1956), part of the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site which was completed in 1978 in Baddeck, Nova Scotia.
- Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- The Mechanism of Speech
- The Bell Telephone
- The Telephone
- Graphical Studies of Marriages of the Deaf
- Photophone (1880)
- Telectroscope (distance vision)
- Hydrofoil Boat
- Metal Detector
- Wheat Husker
- "When one door closes another door opens; but we so often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door, that we do not see the ones which open for us"
- "Concentrate all your thoughts upon the work at hand. The sun's rays do not burn until brought to a focus"
- "A man, as a general rule, owes very little to what he is born with - a man is what he makes of himself"
- "Before anything else, preparation is the key to success"
- "Sometimes we stare so long at a door that is closing that we see too late the one that is open."
- "America is a country of inventors, and the greatest of inventors are the newspaper men."
- "Man is an animal which, alone among the animals, refuses to be satisfied by the fulfilment of animal desires."
- The most successful men in the end are those whose success is the result of steady accretion.
- Neither the Army nor the Navy is of any protection, or very little protection, against aerial raids.
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