Name of the Game: Golf

Founded By: Scotland

Founded In: 15 century

National Game of: Scotland

Equipments Used: Golf clubs, Golf tees and Golf ball

         Golf is a game of hitting a small hard ball with specially made clubs over an outdoor course called a links. The object is to deposit the ball in holes, using as few strokes as possible. Golf is the eighth most popular game in the world. It's a sport that requires concentration and precision. A golf course consists of either 9 or 18 holes. Each hole is played once in the round on a standard course. Golf balls are made of hardwood. The minimum diameter of a golf ball is 42.67 mm and its mass may not exceed 45.93 g. There are three major types of clubs, known as woods, irons, and putters.

         A tee is an object (wooden or plastic) that is pushed into or placed on the ground to rest a ball on top of for an easier shot. A player of golf begins to play by standing at the teeing green and aiming the ball towards the area where the flagstick and hole are located. The length from the teeing green to the hole varies according to the course. Golf courses use different lengths of turf or grass to increase the difficulty of the game. Golf is founded by Scotland and it is also the national game of Scotland. Golf is also very popular in other countries like United States, South Africa and Australia.

History of Golf:

         A golf-like game is, recorded in Loenen aan de Vecht, where the Dutch played a game with a stick and leather ball. The winner was whoever hit the ball into a target several hundred yards away with the least number of strokes. Some scholars argue that this game of depositing a small ball in a hole in the ground using golf clubs was also played in 17th-century in Netherlands and that this predates the game in Scotland. In 1360, the council of Brussels banned the game of golf. The modern game of golf is generally considered to be an invention of Scottish people.

         The first documented mention of golf in Scotland appears in a 1457 Act of Scottish parliament. The word golf was first mentioned in writing in 1457 on a Scottish statute. The earliest known instructions for playing golf have been found in the diary of, a medical student, Thomas Kincaid who played golf on the course at Bruntsfield Links, The oldest surviving rules of golf were written in 1744. The game did not find international popularity until the late 19th century, when it spread into the rest of the United Kingdom and then in many other countries like USA, Japan and Tibet.


  • Rule 1- The first shot on each hole is played from a teeing area

  • Rule 2- The minimum diameter of a golf ball should be 42.67 mm and its mass may not exceed 45.93 g

  • Rule 3-A golf clubs set should consist of maximum 14 clubs.

  • Rule 4- A standard golf course should be made up of 18 holes.

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