Founded By – Indians
Founded In – 1920s
National Game of – Bangladesh
Kabaddi is a game played between two teams. Each team consists of 12 players but 5 are substitutes and 7 players shall take the ground at a time. It is an ancient game invented in south India. Two teams occupy opposite halves of the Kabaddi ground and take turns sending a raider into the other half, in order to win points by tagging members of the opposing team. Then raider tries to return to his own half with holding his breath and chanting "Kabaddi, Kabaddi, Kabaddi..." during the whole raid. The ground of Kabaddi measures 13X10 meters. The ground of the Kabaddi game is soft and covered with mats. The game is played over 40 minutes with a 5-minute break between 2 halves.
Kabaddi is the national game of Bangladesh. Kabaddi is the national sports of Nepal. Kabaddi was played by the British Army for fun and fitness. Kabaddi is also the state game of some Indian states like Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Punjab. Indian Kabaddi team is the most successful team on the world stage, having won every World Cup and Asian Games title, in both men's and women's categories.
Kabaddi game was originated in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu, where it is derived from group hunting and village defense. The game is a traditional sport in various parts of South Asia, the Maharashtra is the place where standardizing the rules of Kabaddi took place during 1915 through to the 1920s. Though variations emerged and rules were framed, the game’s principal objective remained the same. Kabaddi received international exposure during the Berlin Olympics in 1936 where it is demonstrated by India.
In 1938, Kabaddi game was introduced in the Indian National Games at Calcutta. In 1950 the All India Kabaddi Federation (AIKF) came into existence and framed the rules. In 1972 the AIKF was renamed as The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India. The first national tournament for men was held in Chennai. Kabaddi was introduced to and popularized in Japan in 1979 by Sundar Ram of India, who toured Japan for two months to introduce the game on behalf of Amateur Kabaddi Federation. In 1979, matches between Bangladesh and India were held. The first Asian Kabaddi Championship was held in 1980 and India emerged as champion beating Bangladesh. The other teams in the tournament were Nepal, and Japan. In 1990 the Kabaddi game was included in the Asian Games in Beijing for the first time.
RULE OF KABADDI
Rule 1- The team that wins the toss shall have the choice of the court, or the raid.
Rule 2- A player shall be declared out if his entire body is out of the court and no part of his body is in contact with the court.
Rule 3- A raider shall continue to chant “KABADDI” as the approved cant. If he is not chanting, he shall be declared out.
Rule 4- Not more than one raider shall enter the opponent’s court at the same time.
Rule 5- After a raider has reached his court the opponents shall send their raider within 5 seconds.
Rule 6- When a raider is caught, the defenders shall not try to stifle his cant by shutting his mouth, using violent tackling leading to injuries.
Rule 7- During the course of raid none of the defenders shall touch the raider’s court until completion of the raid.
Rule 8- The duration of the match shall be a minimum of 40 minutes divided equally in two halves of 20 minutes each along with 5 minutes interval between halves.
-------- X --------