Founded By – Europeans and Indians
Founded In – 1870
National Game of – Malaysia
Equipments used – Racquet, Shuttlecock and Net
Badminton is a sport played with the help of racquet. It is the national game of Malaysia and Indonesia. The game is commonly played in the form of “singles” means one player per side and “doubles” means two players per side. Game is played by passing shuttlecock over the net with the help of racquet. It is played in a court with width 6.1 metres and length 13.4 metres. The height of the net from centre is 1.524 metres and 1.55 metres at the edges.
Shuttlecock is the feathered plastic projectile which is light in weight and has a high top speed compared to the balls in other racquet sports. It has open conical shape. Badminton racquets are lightweight, with top quality racquets weighing between 70 and 95 grams not including grip or strings. They are composed of many different materials like carbon fiber but nowadays nanomaterials are added to racquet to give them more durability. Strings of badminton racquet are very thin ranging from 0.62 to 0.73 mm. The badminton game is also very popular in Denmark and Japan.
The game of badminton developed in the mid-19th century among the British as a new version of the earlier game battledore. As early as 1860, a London toy dealer named Isaac Spratt published a booklet titled Badminton Battledore-a new game but no copy has survived. Ball badminton is a form of the game played with a ball instead of a shuttlecock. This game was being played in Thanjavur. The badminton game was invented in India and was named as Poona after the pune city. This game was very popular in pune city and the first rules were drawn in pune in 1873. The sport was played under the Pune rules until 1887, when the J.H.E. Hart of the Bath Badminton Club drew up revised regulations .The Badminton Association of England published these rules in 1893.
All England Open Badminton Championships was the first badminton competition held in 1899 where gentlemen's doubles, ladies' doubles, and mixed doubles are being played. Singles competitions were added in 1900. England, Scotland, Wales, Canada, Denmark, France, Ireland, the Netherlands, and New Zealand were the founding members of the International Badminton Federation in 1934, now known as the Badminton World Federation. India joined as an affiliate in 1936. China, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia, are the nations which have consistently produced world-class players in the past few decades. Since 1992, badminton has been a Summer Olympic sport with five events: men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles.
LAWS OF BADMINTON
LAW 1 - The court shall be a rectangle marked out with lines. The lines shall be distinguishable.
LAW 2 - The shuttle shall have 16 feathers fixed in base. The length of all feathers must be equal. The shuttle should weight from 4.74g to 5.50g.
LAW 3 - To test a shuttle a player shall use a full underhand stroke in the upward angle and in a direction parallel to the side lines.
LAW 4 - The racquet shall be not exceeding 680mm in length and 230mm in breadth. The overall length of the stringed area does not exceed 330mm.
LAW 5 - When the server serves, the shuttlecock must pass over the short service line on the opponents' court or it will count as a fault.
LAW 6 - Each game is played to 21 points. If the score reaches 20-all, then the game continues until one side gains a two-point lead, except when there is a tie at 29-all, the game goes to a golden point. Whoever scores this point will win.
LAW 7 - If the receiver is not ready when the service is delivered, a let shall be called; yet, if the receiver attempts to return the shuttlecock, the receiver shall be judged to have been ready.
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