Founded By – Indians
Founded In – 1900s
Equipments Used– Poles/post, strings, metallic measuring tape, lime powder
Kho Kho is a team game invented and played in India and its neighbouring states. It is a sport played by teams of twelve players, of which nine enter the field at a time. The objective of the game is to avoid being touched by members of the opposing team. A match consists of two innings with each inning consisting of chasing and running of 9 minutes each. A kho kho playground is rectangular. It is 29 metres in length and 16 metres in width. There are eight cross lanes which lie across central lane, length of the cross lanes are 16 metres and width 30cm.
One team sits in the marked blocks of the court, in a row, with adjacent members facing opposite directions. The 3 runners take to the field at a time and the team that takes the shortest time to tag all the opponents in the field, wins. There is a pole on each end. The runner can go between two players, but the chaser is not allowed to turn back while running. they have so many tricks in running like double chain, single chain, dogging and ring game as well as in chasing like dive, pole dive, fake kho etc. It is one of the most popular traditional tag games of the Asia and it is also played in South Africa.
In the ancient times, a version of the Kho-Kho game was played on chariots in Maharashtra. This was known as Rathera. In ancient history of kho kho game, there were no rigid rules and regulations for playing the game. The Kho-Kho rules were first framed in the early 1900s. A committee was formed at Gymkhana Poona in 1914 for making the rules of Kho-Kho game and the first ever book of Kho-Kho rules was published from Gymkhana, in 1924 When the first game of kho kho was played, many historians say that it is actually a modified form of `Run Chase`.. Asian Kho Kho Federation was established in 1987 during 3rd SAF Games which were held at Kolkata, India. The member countries were India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Maldives. In 1996 the first Asian championship of kho kho was held at Kolkata and the second championship at Dhaka in Bangladesh. India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, Japan, Thailand and Bangladesh were participants of the championship.
RULE OF Kho-Kho
Rule 1- Each team consists of 12 players, but only 9 players can take the field.
Rule 2- The central lane should be 23.5 metres long and 30 cm width.
Rule 3-The circumference of the free zone tangent should be 30 cm to 40 cm.
Rule 4- The runner can go between two players who are sitting in zig zag manner, but the chaser is not allowed to turn back while running.
-------- X --------