Name of the Game – Basketball

Founded By – Canadians

Founded In – 1891

National Game of – Lithuania

Equipments used – Rubber Basketballs, the Basket, the Backboard and the basketball ground.

          Basketball is a sport played with a ball. The ball used in basketball is spherical in shape. It is played between two teams. Each team has of 5 players on the basketball court. The aim is to score more points than other team, with scoring the points by shooting the ball through the basketball hoop or basket which is ten feet above the ground. The two teams shoot at opposite goals. In order to move while possession of the ball, a player must be dribbling the ball. The team scoring more points wins. If someone pushes a player on the other team while he is taking a shot, a foul is called. In this situation, player is allowed to shoot two free throws from the foul line while being unguarded. Fouls that can be called in basketball are Blocking, Shoving, Charging and Hooking. Besides fouls, players are also punished for other violation of the rules of the basketball, such as when a player moves more than one step without dribbling the ball.

History Of BasketBall :

         The game basketball was invented in the December month in year 1891. Basketball game was invented by Dr. James Naismith in Springfield, Massachusetts. James Naismith was a Canadian physical education instructor. He invented this game as it is less injury-prone than football and also to condition young athletes during the cold. He published 13 rules for the new game he has invented. He divided his class of 18 people into two teams of nine players each. He teaches them the basics of his new game.

         The objective of the game was to throw the basketball into the basket which was nailed to the railing. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder and retrieve the ball. After sometimes, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. On March 11, 1892 the first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts. The game became established very quickly and became popular as the 20th century progressed, first in America and then throughout the world. After basketball was established in America. The professional game followed; the American National Basketball Association (NBA) which was established in 1949.

RULES OF BASKETBALL Rule 1- A player cannot run with the ball.

Rule 2- The ball must be held in the hands; the arms or body must not be used for holding it.

Rule 3- No shouldering, holding, pushing, or tripping in any way of an opponent.

Rule 4 - The ball may be thrown in any direction with hands.

Rule 5- If either side makes three consecutive fouls, it shall count a goal for the opponent team.

Rule 6- A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown from the grounds into the basket. If the ball rests on the edges of the basket, and the opponent moves the basket, it shall count as a goal.

Rule 7- The time shall be two fifteen-minute halves, with five minutes rest between.

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