Hinduism Origin, History, Scripture, Beliefs, Festivals & Founder of Hinduism
# Introduction to Hinduism History
Hinduism is known as the world's oldest organized religion. Hinduism is the religion of the majority of people in India and Nepal. About 80 percent of India's population regard themselves as Hindus and 30 million more Hindus live outside of India. There are a total of 900 million Hindus worldwide, Although Hinduism contains a broad range of philosophies, it is a family of linked religious cultures bound by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, cosmology, shared textual resources, pilgrimage to sacred sites and the questioning of authority.
# Hinduism Origin
The word Hindu is derived from the Indo-Aryan/Sanskrit word Sindhu, the Indo-Aryan name for the Indus River in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. Sindhu is a Sanskrit word used by the inhabitants of the region, the Aryans in the second millennium BCE. Unlike most other religions, Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings. The religion of Hinduism originated in Northern India, near the river Indus, about 4000 years ago and is the world's oldest existing religion. Hinduism is practised by more than 80% of India's population.
Symbol Of Hinduism:
* Aum - Symbol of Hinduism
Aum or Om is one of the most sacred symbols in Hinduism. Hindu consider Aum to be the universal name of the Lord and that it encompasses all of creation. The belief that the Lord started creating the world after chanting "aum" and "atha" gives this religious symbol a fundamental relevance to the Hindu view of creation. Hence, its sound is considered to create an auspicious beginning for any task that one may undertake.
- Central to Hinduism is the belief in a supreme God Brahman, the universal soul, which is found in everything.
- Brahman is worshipped in a variety of forms, including Vishnu,Krishna, Rama, Shiva and several others. Hinduism does not have any founder.
- Hindus believe that life is a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma.
- Hindus believe that every action has an effect and there is a cause for everything. This is called the law of Karma.
- Hindus believe that the soul passes through a cycle of lives and that the next life is dependent on how the previous life was lived.
The main Hindu scriptures are:
* Bhagavad Gita Of 19th Century
- The Puranas, a collection of stories about the different incarnations and the lives of saints.
- The Vedas, a collection of hymns praising the Vedic gods. Veda means 'knowledge'
- The Upanishads, are a collection of Hindu texts which contain some of the central philosophical concepts of Hinduism.
- The Bhagavad Gita, contains a conversation between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide Krishna on a variety of philosophical issues
- The Mahabharata, which includes the Bhagavad Gita
- The Ramayana, long epic poems about Rama and Sita
- Diwali (the festival of lights).
- Holi (the festival of colors).
- Navaratri (celebrating fertility and harvest).
- Raksha Bandhan (celebrating the bond between brother and sister).
- Janmashtami (Krishna's birthday)
- Ram Navmi(Rama Navami is the celebration of the birth of Rama.)
- In Hinduism, a murti typically refers to an image or statue which expresses a Divine Spirit (murta)
- Puja (worship) takes place in the Mandir (temple).
- Mandirs vary in size from small village shrines to large buildings, surrounded by walls.
- A mantra is a sound, syllable, word, or group of words that is considered capable of "creating transformation". Its use and type varies according to the school and philosophy associated with the mantra. Mantras originated in the Vedic tradition of India. The most basic mantra is Aum, which in Hinduism is known as the "pranava mantra," the source of all mantras.
- People can also visit the Mandir at any time to pray and participate in the bhajans (religious songs).
- Hindus also worship at home and often have a special room with a shrine to particular gods.
- Homa (also known as homam or havan) is a Sanskrit word which refers to any ritual in which making offerings into a consecrated fire is the primary action. At present, the words homa/homam and havan are interchangeable with the word Yagna.
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